Response to THREE POSTS BWLOW, YOU CAN START WITH I AGREE….. OR I THINK YOU RAISE AN INTRESTING POINT…..,ETC
Question 1:Global warming is a problem of the global commons? Why is it such a difficult issue to solve? What might prompt reductions in carbon emissions in the future?
Climate change is absolutely a problem of the global commons. Just as the textbook uses the example of the over-extension of herding for personal gain, over-consumption of nonrenewable resources absolutely impacts the global commons. No country will remain unscathed, as even countries that may not be as directly harmed by climate change might be affected by secondary affects, such as migration. Thus, climate change is a global issue, and needs to be addressed as such. This, however, proves to be difficult, as countries tend to not want to sacrifice economic growth for environmental sustainability. Furthermore, countries do not want other states to benefit from their efforts without also contributing to preventing climate change. This leads states to view exemptions as unfair, ultimately leading to cooperation with regards to climate change being incredibly difficult. In my opinion, a reduction in carbon emissions will only come from some sort of global cooperation. Without all countries working towards the same goal, some states may argue that some countries are not doing their “fair share,” which could lead to hostility. Conversely, a global consensus would cause more effective change towards climate policy.
question: Global warming is a problem of the global commons? Why is it such a difficult issue to solve? What might prompt reductions in carbon emissions in the future?
I would agree that global warming is a problem of the global commons. Global Warming is something that affects everyone no matter their disposition. There is a universal dependence on the environment thus universal action must be taken Global warming is such a difficult issue to solve because it requires the recognition and cooperation of all nation-states. It is also a hard-to-solve problem because carbon emissions are often directly associated with economic production. I think many disagreements come from countries that know if they are forced to reduce their carbon emissions output, they could face economic repercussions. I think one of the only ways that countries will plausibly agree to reduce their carbon emissions output is if the countries are being held accountable by other countries of the same stature and output (ie. China and the US who are the two largest emitters of carbon) or if global warming degrades the environment so much that it begins impacting the people of the state and consequently the economy enough they realize they need to take action. Environmental degradation brings a lot of issues that must be faced by economists and politicians
Question : Why is international cooperation on questions of health and disease so important?
I think there is no better time to show that international cooperation on health and disease is vital. I am going to use the American response to COVID-19 as an example on a smaller scale. One reason why the US has been so ineffective at controlling the spread of the virus is because of a complete lack of standardized regulations regarding social distancing, face mask wearing, and stay at home orders from state to state. In addition to this, there has not been much guidance from the federal level as well. When schools, businesses, etc are faced with making decisions that must comply with federal, state, and local guidelines/mandates, it suddenly becomes extremely difficult due to the huge number of moving parts. As each state in the US has their own mandates, there are a lot of differences and discrepancies between how each state is handling it. As with climate change, health and the spread of disease is also an issue that has no borders and does not recognize sovereignty. In order to ensure the health of everyone and prevent the global spread of disease, it requires the same, standardized mandates for the entire international community.