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|Writer Classification: PHD-PROFICIENT
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|Plagiarism Grading: 0-0.3%
|Quality Standard: 99.999%
|Course Level: UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE
|Revision Request: ALLOWED
Read/review the following resources for this activity:
Textbook: Chapter 8, 9, 17 (Introduction)
The Basic Structure of Deductive and Inductive Arguments
Click on the following links to view argument examples:
Lott, J., (2000). More guns, less crime: Understanding crime and gun-control laws. University of Chicago Press.
The argument boils down to this:
Tight gun laws are laws that are obeyed only by ordinary citizens.
Tight gun laws put ordinary citizens at risk.
However, the argument itself is composed of three intertwined syllogisms:
Only ordinary citizens are persons who respect tight gun laws.
Criminal persons are not ordinary citizens.
Therefore, criminals do not respect tight gun laws.
Tight gun laws restrict only ordinary citizens.
No criminal is an ordinary citizen.
No criminal is restricted by tight gun laws.
Laws that disfavor the good are laws that favor the bad.
Tight gun laws favor the bad.
Therefore, tight gun laws disfavor the good.
The United States is too dependent upon foreign oil. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, we rely on imported foreign oil for about 45% of our needs. Of the imported oil, most comes from Canada, but 22% comes from countries in the Middle East. Undeniably, this dependence shapes our foreign policy. We have vast oil reserves that could make us energy-independent. Development of these resources would produce much-needed jobs, many of them in areas of the country suffering most from the recession. We should be developing an energy policy that makes us energy independent.
Reason: We import 45% of our oil.
Reason: Middle East oil imports shape our foreign policy.
Reason: Our vast oil reserves could make us energy independent.
Reason: Development of oil reserves could produce much needed jobs.
For the initial post, address the following:
Find and post examples of deductive and inductive arguments. Do NOT use an argument example which clearly indicates it is an example of an inductive/deductive argument.
For each example, evaluate its logical strength, using the concepts and ideas presented in the textbook readings, the lesson, and any other source you find that helps you to evaluate the validity (deductive) or strength (inductive) of the argument. You can use examples from the text, or you can find examples elsewhere.
Editorials and opinion columns are a good source, as are letters to the editor. Blogs will also often be based on arguments.
Use mapping and evaluative techniques to make sure it is an argument.
Is it inductive or deductive? Explain why.
Does it pass the tests of validity and strength? Explain
|FOLLOWING OF INSTRUCTIONS
|NEATNESS AND OTHERS
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