Buy Pre-Columbian Native American History
1. What was the main cause of the exposed land bridge connecting Eurasia to
(A) Extended periods of drought during the last Ice Age lowered ocean
(B) Plate tectonics temporarily led to a rise in the ocean fl oor within the
(C) Much of the water in the oceans congealed into vast glacial packs.
(D) Increased snowfall on land during the last Ice Age lowered ocean
(E) Th e shift of Eurasian and North American Plates briefl y connected
the two continents.
2. Which theory best describes the spread of maize as a staple crop through
the Native American populations?
(A) Maize was fi rst developed upon the Siberian Steppes and carried to
the Americas via the land bridge.
(B) Maize was developed in South America and slowly spread throughout
the rest of the Americas via pre-Columbian trade routes.
(C) Maize was developed by the nomadic tribes of North America but
was fi rst grown intensively as a staple crop by Native American
groups in Central and South America.
(D) Th e cultivation of maize occurred separately in isolated pockets
throughout the two continents.
(E) Maize was fi rst developed in the region that is now Mexico and
spread through the Americas in a slow and uneven process.
2 ❯ 500 AP U.S. History Questions to Know by Test Day
3. With few exceptions, Native American groups of North America would be
most accurately described as
(A) living in dense but isolated pockets throughout the continent
(B) elaborately developed social groups in centrally organized nationstates
(C) independent paternal-based social groups living in small seminomadic populations
(D) sporadic with inconsistent development between tribes, lacking a
common linguistic base
(E) lacking dense population concentrations or highly developed social
life in the modern sense
4. Th e Native American Mississippian Valley culture diff ered from other
Native American groups in that it
(A) illustrated a higher level of hierarchical political organization
(B) existed in mainly semi-nomadic populations with limited agriculture
(C) had a developed network of trade with other regional tribes
(D) based its social structure on maternal lineage
(E) closely tied its religion to the natural world
5. Which tribe of Native Americans is not associated with the Iroquois
6. In agricultural terms, how did Native Americans diff er from their
(A) Europeans had a greater diversity in the types of staple crops they
used for subsistence.
(B) Unlike Europeans, Native Americans lacked any effi cient means to
clear the vast forests to open land for intensive agriculture.
(C) Europeans achieved greater technologies to alter the landscape in a
more aggressive manner.
(D) Unlike the sedentary European communities, the nomadic lifestyle
of the Native Americans limited their ability to develop high-yield
strains of vegetation.
(E) Th e Native Americans had less agricultural diversity than European
Pre-Columbian/Native American History ❮ 3
7. Why is L’Anse aux Meadows signifi cant within North American history?
(A) It marks the fi rst example of pre-Columbian European contact with
(B) It marks the fi rst example of the cultivation of maize in North
America outside of Mexico.
(C) It serves as an example of a highly developed Native American nationstate in North America.
(D) It contains the oldest fossil record of Native American inhabitants on
the North American continent.
(E) It illustrates a rare example of a sedentary Native American
8. In what way did pre-Columbian Mesoamerican and Central American
civilizations most greatly contrast with European societies?
(A) Th e pre-Columbian civilizations in these regions lacked highly
developed trade routes, so they developed more independently than
(B) Unlike European societies, the pre-Columbian societies in these
regions lacked large draft animals to aid in transportation or
(C) Unlike European societies, the pre-Columbian societies in these
regions failed to develop sophisticated systems within the sciences
such as mathematics or astronomy.
(D) Unlike European societies, the pre-Columbian societies in these
regions never established a developed system of class or labor division.
(E) Unlike European societies, pre-Columbian societies in these regions
failed to develop an understanding of metalworking.
9. In Native North American culture along the Eastern Seaboard, the Th ree
Sisters would most accurately refer to
(A) the sustainable agricultural technique of growing maize, beans, and
(B) the matrilineal lines upon which most clans were based in this region
(C) the trade and cultural network established between Native Americans
living in North America and those in Central and South America
(D) the spiritual belief in three major forces that defi ned the natural world
(E) a creationist myth common among eastern tribes
4 ❯ 500 AP U.S. History Questions to Know by Test Day
10. Which of the following statements best describes the view of Native
Americans in North America concerning property?
(A) A portion of lands should remain untouched for the use of future
(B) Land should be transferred through paternal lines.
(C) Th e right of an individual to use the land was temporary.
(D) Th e crops grown by the individual became the property of the clan.
(E) Th e transfer of land was allowed only within one’s own clan.