Group Interviews and Qualitative Study Discussion
***Please keep the following learning objectives in mind when
providing your response to the post and incorporate knowledge from
the Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing
Practice. 11th edition. Wolters Kluwer textbook.
1. Explain the process of developing a data collection plan.
2. Differentiate qualitative and quantitative data collection
3. Describe the process for selecting measurement instruments.
4. Compare structured and unstructured data collection
Please make sure to use sources within the last 5 years and use
APA 7th edition.
Discussion Response #1
According to Polit & Beck, (2021), is considered as an interview by a
researcher conducting the study, with a small group of individuals
discussing a specific topic, usually moderated using a semistructured
topic guide. In the research study cinducted by Tausch & Menold
(2016), the goal of their study was to gather or gain a more systemic
methodological informational approach for conducting focus groups in
the context of health research in general. Interviews were conducted
focusing on moderators and their experiences when planning to
moderate a focus group. To come up with findings within the study,
during the interview process, questions that evolved included; The
challenges that would be associated with the characteristics of the
target groups of health research, and how this might be considered
during the recuitment process? Should specific aspects of the
communication styles of target groups be taken into account when
planning and moderating focus groups in health care? Can additional
challenges be identified in relation to the technical research question?
and How was the method appraised by the interviewees in their own
research context (Tausch & Menold, 2016). The researchers analysis of
interviews with focus group moderators yielded considerable insights
in regards to methodological aspects of conducting focus groups in
health research. Their first research question related to characteristics
of the target groups that should be considered during the recruitment
process. It was identified that face to-face contact as an important
factor promoting focus group participation (Tausch & Menold, 2016).
The interviewees considered this type of contact to be better suited to
answering target persons’ questions and explaining the method and
aims of the focus groups. Also, the moderator felt that addressees
might find it more difficult to decline a face-to-face invitation than a
written one. To the extent of health care professionals, an invitation
issued by a hierarchically higher person was most effective, according
to the authors of the study, even though ethical aspects should be
considered in this case, and voluntary participation should nevertheless
be ensured. Otherwise, the order to participate might prevent an
atmosphere of open communication and might lead to a lower quantity
or to more negative statements (Tausch & Menold, 2016).