Historical Philosophical Perspectives Operant & Respondent Conditioning
For this assignment, you will provide a long answer essay response to each of the questions below. For each question, you are encouraged to use the peer-reviewed resources provided throughout the units to support your responses. Please do not copy and paste the whole question into the document. Rather, provide the question number (1-4) and a brief heading that correlates with each section of the grading rubric. (Example: 1. Historical Perspectives)
1. Compare the Three Branches of Behavior Analysis. Explain how the historical perspectives of behaviorism have influenced the study of Applied Behavior Analysis as a natural science.
2. Explain the Six attitudes/assumptions of Experimental Analysis of Behavior and the Seven Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis and examine how they contribute to the development of a technology that is used to influence socially significant behavior.
3a. Read the Scenario Below:
A young girl named Cindy walked into a room where a magician stood in front of a box containing different objects. One by one, the magician removed each object from the box as Cindy stood by and observed. Inside of the box was a rattle, a mask, a teddy bear, a live guinea pig, a rubber snake, and a magazine. As the magician removed each object, he placed it on the table. Cindy simply watched without any reaction.
The magician picked up the guinea pig and held it out for Cindy to hold. As Cindy reached for the guinea pig, a very loud crack of thunder shook the room. Cindy began to scream and ran from the room. The next day, Cindy met the magician again, and upon petting the guinea pig, another loud bang shook the room, scaring Cindy into a panic as she ran.
A few days later, Cindy went to the mall with her mom. Cindy’s mom thought that she would like to visit the pet shop, so they walked in to see the puppies. Right by the door was a small cage that held a guinea pig. As soon as Cindy saw the guinea pig, she began to cry and she ran out of the store!
When Cindy and her mom got home from the mall, her little brother, Stanley, came running to greet her. He held out the new little tan and brown stuffed Beany Boo that he had won at the carnival! Once again, Cindy cried in fear and ran out of the room.
3b. Complete the Following after Reading the Scenario:
-Using Behavior Analytic Vocabulary, explain the various characteristics of Respondent Conditioning, identifying specific relationships between stimuli and responses and discussing how the elements of time and environment contribute to an organism’s respondent behavior. Next, explain the process used to reverse an established reflexive stimulus-response relationship. Finally, analyze the scenario and discuss each of the elements of Respondent conditioning that you identify.
-Using Behavior Analytic Vocabulary, explain how Operant Conditioning differs from Respondent Conditioning. Discuss how a three-term contingency affects an organism’s behavior, and explain how different schedules of reinforcement can influence a behavior. Finally, choose an example of a behavior and show how each of the five possible differential reinforcement contingencies would affect that behavior of an organism.
(Use correct APA formatting per the APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition):
-Use proper headings for each question