CRIM 1100 Midterm, Summer 2020
You have around two weeks to complete this finale exam. Late submissions will be
penalized at a rate of 10% per day. Exams that are three days late will not be graded.
Please upload your answers in one of the following formats: .pdf .doc .docx .pages .rtf
Use a pt. 12 font, and double-space your work. Please write 1–2 double-spaced pages
for each question. If you include quotations, make sure you give references.
I will be checking all of your work for plagiarism. Make sure that your work is all your
own, that you do not copy/paste anything from the Internet, and that you do not copy the
work of any other students.
Answer TWO of the following THREE questions
Question 1 (5 marks)
In Canada, aboriginal people are more likely to be charged with a crime than other
cultural groups, and they are disproportionately represented in correctional institutions.
Some criminologists call this aboriginal justice inequality.
(a) Choose two of the three theories below and explain how they might be used to
explain aboriginal justice inequality. (3 marks)
(b) Which theory offers the most convincing argument? Give two reasons for your
answer. (2 marks)
Theories: critical theory; biological positivism; microsociological theory; rational choice;
Question 2 (5 marks)
In your own words, explain the difference between deontological and consequentialist
moral reasoning. (1 mark)
Choose two criminal offences from the Canadian criminal code (https://lawslois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/c-46/). You should choose one criminal offence that illustrates
deontological moral reasoning, and one criminal offence that illustrates consequentialist
moral reasoning. For each criminal offence, explain what type of harm is caused by that
offence, and why that type of harm is an example of deontological or consequentialist
moral reasoning. (4 marks)
Question 3 (5 marks)
Chapter 13 explains how CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design)
and CPSD (Crime Prevention Through Social Development) might be used to prevent
Explain how CPTED and CPSD might also be used to prevent white collar crimes. Make
sure you give examples of specific types of white collar crime that you wish to prevent,
and then explain how CPTED and CPSD approaches might be used to prevent those
specific types of crime. Give specific examples of CPTED and CPSD techniques that
you think might work in your answer. (5 marks)
TOTAL: 10 marks