Scientific Research Template
A scientific research is a medium used by scientists and researchers to share their results. A
standard format is required, the author presents the research in an orderly and logical manner.
Scientific writing must be scholarly and accurate.
Use Times New Roman, Font size 12.
Include title page, with your name, institution, title of research and content page.
Make your title specific enough to describe the contents of the paper, but not so technical
that only specialists will understand. The title should be appropriate for the intended
The title usually describes the subject matter of the article: Effect of Smoking on
Sometimes a title that summarizes the results is more effective: Students Who Smoke Get
The name of the person who did the work and wrote the paper and Institution
An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the
reader a “preview” of what’s to come. It allows other scientists to quickly scan the
large scientific literature.
Your abstract should be one paragraph, of 100-250 words, which summarizes the
purpose, methods, results and conclusions of the paper.
Don’t use abbreviations or citations in the abstract. It should be able to stand alone
without any footnotes.
What question did you ask in your research? Why is it interesting? The introduction summarizes
the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question
you asked. One to four paragraphs would be enough. End with a sentence explaining the specific
question you asked in this experiment.
Materials and Method:
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There should be enough information here to allow another scientist to repeat your
experiment. Look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea
of what is included in this section.
Do not put results in this section. You may, however, include preliminary results that
were used to design the main experiment that you are reporting on.
Mention relevant ethical considerations. If you used human subjects, did they consent to
participate. If you used animals, what measures did you take to minimize pain?
This is where you present the results you’ve gotten. Use graphs and tables if appropriate,
but also summarize your main findings in the text. Each graph and table should be
labeled. Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; that
goes in the Discussion.
You don’t necessarily have to include all the data you’ve gotten during the research, be
sure to include the most relevant findings.
Use appropriate methods of showing data. Don’t try to manipulate the data to make it
look like you did more than you actually did.
Tables and Graphs
If you present your data in a table or graph, include a title describing what’s in the table
For graphs, you should also label the x and y axes.
Highlight the most significant results, but don’t just repeat what you’ve written in the
Results section. How do these results relate to the original question? Do the data support
your hypothesis? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported?
If your results were unexpected, try to explain why. Is there another way to interpret your
results? What further research would be necessary to answer the questions raised by your
results? How do your results fit into medical practice and health care?
End with a one-sentence summary of your conclusion, emphasizing why it is relevant.
The Conclusions and Recommendations may be combined or presented in separate
sections. If there are no recommendations to be made as a result of the research, it will be
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The Conclusions section sums up the key points of your discussion, the significant
outcomes of your investigation. It should be written to relate directly to the aims of the
research as stated in the Introduction indicate the extent to which the aims have been
achieved, summarize the key findings, outcomes or information in your report
acknowledge limitations and make recommendations for future work (where applicable)
highlight the significance or usefulness of your work.
This section is optional. You can thank those who either helped with the experiments, or made
other important contributions, such as discussing the protocol, commenting on the manuscript.
Alphabetical order. Use APA format. Example:
Celume, P, Besançon M and Zenasni F 2019, ‘Fostering children and adolescents’ creative
thinking in education: theoretical model of drama pedagogy training’, Frontiers in Psychology,
vol. 9, viewed 11 February 2019, https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02611