Section I: Multiple Choice and Matching (Questions 1-20 USE SCANTRON, 2 points each).
Matching (2 pts each, choose the best fit, each can be selected only once)
1.Gould A. Use and disuse
- Cuvier B. Uniformitarianism
- Darwin C. Catastrophism
- Lyell D. HMS Beagle
- Lamark E. Punctuated equilibrium
- Base pairs A. Genetic drift
- Malthus B. Population pressure
- Bottleneck C. ATCG
- Mutation D. Darwin
- Erasmus E. Point or Chromosomal
- Which of the following is not a subfield of anthropology?
- cultural anthropology
- biological anthropology
- linguistic anthropology
- they are all part of anthropology
- What is the dental structure of a New World Monkey? (I-C-P-M)
- none of these
These are just examples – there will be 15 or 20 multiple choice questions…..
And this is only the midterm, so the questions will be on the whole class and not the first half…..
II Short Answer in BLUE BOOK (10 questions, 3 Points each) No more than one or two sentences.
These are just examples – there will be 10 questions…
- What was the prevailing view among scientists at the time that Darwin published his famous book On the Origin of Species?
- List three things that set humans (hominins) apart from the rest of the primate species.
- Explain why moths are a good example of Natural Selection in action.
- Applied anthropology and forensics are the new cool thing to do in anthropology. Your professor was a forensic archaeologist living in Hawaii and working in Vietnam. What exactly did he do?
- What are two differences between lemurs and anthropoids?
- Define anthropology.
- You are at the dinner table during Thanksgiving and someone asks you, “If humans evolved from monkeys, then why do we still have monkeys?” Your correct response should be……..
- According to the article by Rosenberg and Trevathan entitled the Evolution of Human Birth there is a triple challenge for human mothers: big-brained infants, a pelvis designed for walking upright, and a rotational delivery in which the baby comes out facing backwards. According to the article, this means that mothers should do what when giving birth? (and have done so for many thousands of years up to the present day)
- Give an example of genetic drift.
- This is an ABO Blood Group question. Remember the possible Blood types – A, B, AB or O. Also remember that A and B are co-dominant and O is recessive.
We want to know the possibility that someone may be the father of a child based on the blood type of the Mother and the Child. The Child has blood Type AB. The Mother has type B. What are the genotypical possibilities for the father? Show your work using the Punnett square for each.
Section III: Essay Questions in BLUE BOOK: (three questions, 10 points each). Underline important points on the essays. If the question requires computations, make sure you show your work for partial credit!
- Explain the significance of the wisdom tooth study we did in class. Discuss the classroom results and create a proposal for a research study of this classroom. Make sure you present an hypothesis and methodology. Saying this another way, take the classroom as your laboratory, what would you do to test your hypothesis?
- What are Darwin’s three postulates?
- The disease Tay-Sachs is common among Ashkenazi Jews. With this disease there is a degeneration of the nervous system beginning at about 6 months of age and it is lethal by age 2 or 3. You must answer all questions below (a, b, c, and d)
- Can you give a reason that we discussed in class, why this disease would be more prevalent among these peoples?
- If N is the dominant normal allele and T is the recessive Tay-Sachs allele. What does the Punnett square look like when two heterozygous parents have children?
- If there were 400 children of these heterozygous parents, on average how many would be born homozygous normal?
- What is the ratio of phenotypic possibilities when someone with no Tay-Sachs allele (Normal) and someone with the Tay-Sachs allele have a child?