Gender and Resource Extracting: The Case of the Maroons of Suriname Resource extraction is a highly gendered activity. Yet, despite the type of gender, the resource extraction is a very important for rapid economic growth. Every human person, whether male or female, has a major role to play in economic development, for individual, communal, or national sectors of life. Seck and Simons study on ‘Resource Extraction and the Human Rights of Women and Girls’ identifies that the relationship between the women and the resource extraction is complex, pointing out “Large-scale mining and oil and gas development is highly gendered and deeply masculine”1. Although women from some countries and regions of the world may work as employees, managers, lawyers, or executives in the sectors of mining and oil extraction, some communities discriminate against women when it comes to resource extraction. Heemskert provides the best example of women discrimination among the Maroons of Suriname in gold mining. The study has conducted among the Ndjuka Maroons in Suriname, South America, has established that few Ndjuka women participate in mining. In light of the impact of gender discrimination and classification in resource extraction, the study seeks to identify the household economic consequences of excluding women from resource extraction among the Maroons of Suriname.
The objectives of the essay is to establish whether indeed there is gender bias in resource extraction, to determine the role that culture plays in gender discrimination and to find out whether the gender discrimination in resource extraction is prevalent in a certain ethnicities and races as compared to others.
Research Questions :
I. What role does gender bias play in resource extraction among the Maroons of Suriname?
II. What effects do gendered resource extraction biases have on individuals, families, and society in general?
III. What steps can be taken to address issues of gender bias in resource extraction?
Theoretical Framework and Methodology:
Varieties of theories examine and explore the phenomenon of gender, especially when it comes to the classification of roles. Some of the gender theories are social constructionism, feminism theory, structural functionalism, critical theory, conflict theory, positivism, and social change. In view of the subject of gender bias on the resource extraction, the study would focus on the theories of social constructionism, structural functionalism, and social change. The study would employ based on relevant literatures. The essence of using relevant literatures is to be able to obtain data from the ground and from experts and scholars who have studied the subject of gender biases in resource extraction, particularly among the population of the Maroons.
Heemskerk, Marieke. “Gender and Gold Mining: The Case of the Maroons of Suriname.”
Women and International Development 202, no. 269, (2000): 1-33.
Khoesial, Sheela. Women Food Producers in Suriname: Technology and Marketing. San Jose:
IICA Biblioeca Venezuela, 1996.
Seck, Sara, and Penelope Simons. “Resource Extraction and the Human Rights of Women and
Girls: Policy Recommendations Associated with the Feminist International Assistance Policy.” Research Gate (2018): 1-14